Rajasthan was known as the name of Rajputana.Many kings have ruled this state of own way. Indeed The Rajasthan saw the life span of The kings. So Rajasthan called the ‘Land of king’ too. It is famous for amazing Indian art, culture, and architecture. Which make It a princely state. It covers an aria of 342,239 sq kilometers which is 10.4% of India. Its large size covered by the Great Indian Desert, Thar.

The Thar Desert runs parallel to the Sutlej-Indus river valley. All kingdom of Rajasthan has a distinctive style of arts which making it one of the most culturally diverse places in the world. When it come to gathering information about and looking into the true and mesmerizing history of India, no other place can serve the purpose like Rajasthan.

There are various types of Historical place to visit. we define you here top 12 Historical places that serve a purpose for visiting of Rajasthan along with your family or friends. you should visit these places to enjoy the real richness of this land.

Amer Fort

This is a most beautiful fort and the pride of Jaipur. It is located in Amer, 11 k.m from Jaipur. It is one of the major tourist attractions, located high on a hill. The Amer Fort was built by ‘Raja Shri Maan Singh JI Saheb’ in the 16th century in a mixture of Hindu architecture style.Amber gets its name from Amba, the goddess of the Meena clan that ruled the fort and its surrounding areas in 967 AD. In this fort beautiful palace, temples, battles, hall and majestic gardens. The entrance gate of this fort is the marvel. It overlooks the ‘Maota Lake’ at its forefront A temple inside was built in the 16th century which of goddess ‘Sheela Mata’, This is an important place for Hindu travelers. Many tourists visit this fort for enjoying elephant ride around the fort.Tourists simply astonish by intricate carving on the walls and ceilings. Exquisite paintings of hunting scenes on the walls depict the temperament of the Rajputs, who were extremely revolutionary, adventurous, and self-indulgent.

Diwan-e-Aam’ is a beautiful hall stands on two rows of ornamented pillars and opens on three sides. In this hall, the king used to meet special guests from other states, ministers, and his friends. Sukh Niwas is opposite to ‘Diwaane-Khaas’ having doors made of sandalwood and ivory. which carried cool water that worked as an air cooler.
Sheesh, Mahal is a place filled with thousands of mirror tiles. It is the most famous and beautiful part of Amber Fort. You must remember the song of the famous Bollywood Classic Film ‘Mughal-E-Azam’ i.e. “Pyaar Kiya Toh Darna kya”, it was shot in Sheesh Mahal. Other tourist places in this fort are Jas Mandir, Aram Bagh, Jas Mahal, museum, and others.

City Palace

City Palace one of the major tourist attraction fascinated by a marvelous architectural style that mixes Indian and European style. It was built in the 18th century. Since 1959, The palace is opened to the General public and International visitor’s as a museum.which gives a holistic experience to the International and domestic tourist. .City Palace is an overwhelming complex of exquisite palaces, gardens and courtyards, decorative art and carved doorways. The main element in this palace is the entering.There are three entrances and each one is a beauty by itself. The main entrance for tourists is a grand gateway with rich decorations. The other entrance, Tripolia Gate is reserved for royal family and the third entrance is Virendra Pol, is close to the Mubarak Mahal.

Mubarak Mahal used to be the reception center of the palace made in the 19th century by Maharaja Madho Singh. Today, this Mahal houses costume museum and other exhibits. In this museum, you can find a lot of royal clothes which includes fine Pashmina shawls, Benaras silk sarees, Sanga Neri prints and folk embroidery. that was worn by Sawai Madho Singh, king of the palace. It is said that he weighed 250 kg and had 108 wives. Chandra Mahal is famous for the peacock gate. Other important spots in City Palace are Pitam Niwas Chowk, Green Gate, Lotus Gate, Rose Gate, Diwan –I-Khas, Siwan – E- Aam, Maharani palace, Govind Dev Ji temple, Bhaggi Khana and others.

Hawa Mahal

Hawa mahal is also known as “palace of winds”. The palace gets this name because of the screened walls which when opened will gush the wind in and out of the Mahal.These screens were built to let women inside the Mahal watch activities on the street and extends to the women’s chambers or zenana. .Hawa Mahal is made of red and pink sandstone and stands right at the edge of the City Palace. Hawa Mahal is one of the best Jaipur tourists places to the guests and tourist in the pink city.

Hawa Mahal is the five-story palace which is located in heart and soul of the pink city.which was established in the 18th century the year 1799 under the rule of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. The Mahal is made of pink and red sandstone. It was built in 18th century in the structure of a honeycomb. There are 953 windows with intricate latticework. As stated before, if all windows were open, you can enjoy a real flow of wind. But, most of the windows are closed to avoid accumulation of dust. The top attractions in this Hawa Mahal are the courtyard, window, fountain imperial door and archaeological museum. It’s strategic positioning, Hawa Mahal was offered breathtaking views of Jantar Mantar, City Palace, and the Siredeori Bazaar. It became the icon of a city that attracted people from all over the world.

Jaigarh Fort

The Jaigarh fort in Rajasthan is most amazing forts of the Jaipur.This fort is also called as Victory Fort. The Jaigarh fort was established between 15th and 18th century to reinforce the protection of Amer. The fort was also used as storage throttle hold to store bullets and other weapons needed for combats. Jaigarh fort is placed at a distance of about 15kms from Jaipur. The main element that attracts people to this fort is the Jaivana Cannon. It is the largest cannon in the country and it is placed on a tall tower that focuses Amber Fort.The walls of Jaigarh fort are extended to 3 Km. What’s more, a gigantic moat encircles the massive fort. One more entrance to Jaigarh fort is through the eastern “Awani Darwaza”.

This fort was meant to stand as a guarding tower for Amer fort and other parts of Jaipur. Another rumor that populates this fort is that there is treasure hidden inside the fort. Apart from these, this fort has many palaces, temples, museum, gardens and others.
This fort withstood a lot of damages even after 100 years from building it. It used to house many residential areas, water reservoirs, granary, tall tower and others. Most of those do not stand today. A few treasures were dug and retrieved by the government from this fort. Though this is a plain fort when compared to other historic places, it is one of the best structures of Jaipur kings that served its purpose. You can get a panoramic view of the whole city from the top of this fort. In the past, Jaigarh Fort in Rajasthan served as the hub of weaponry manufacturer for the brave Rajputs of Rajasthan.

Nahargarh Fort

This fort is located in Aravalli Hills, The famous Nahargarh Fort in Jaipur, in company with the other 2 forts Amer Fort & Jaigarh Fort created a tough protection for the city of Jaipur city a long time ago The ancient Nahargarh Fort was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, founder of Jaipur in the year 1734 This used to be a royal retreat during the 18th century. This fort’s name can be loosely translated as the abode of tigers. This fort is surrounded by forest and mountain background. This is the only fort in the country that was never attacked at all. It gave shelter to Europeans during a mutiny. This fort has many palaces, temples, open-air enclosure and many others. This fort is near to many tourist attractions like Hawa Mahal, Jaigarh Fort, Jal Mahal and others. Thus, you can spot most of these attractions from the top of Nahargarh Fort.

Chittorgarh Fort

This fort is located in Udaipur it is a glorious fort that stands on the peak of a hill. This fort covers an area of 700 acres, extending to 3 km in length and 13 km in peripheral length. It lies at a distance of 112 km from the city. This fort was built by various Maurya rulers in the 7th century. This fort has seen many battles and stands as a reminder of braveness and chivalry of Rajput. The fort has a long story of romance, courage, determination and sacrifice. It is said that once a king was smitten by the beauty of a Rajput Queen and invaded this fort to win her. The queen and her maids killed themselves when the fort wall was destroyed by enemies. A glimpse of the fort still makes one think the glory of the Rajputs who once lived here. The imposing Fort boasts of well-designed palaces, magnificent cenotaphs and huge towers. The Fort of Chittorgarh has a colossal structure that is secured by its several strong gateways.

Chittaurgarh Fort is truly an embodiment of chivalry and pride of the Rajputs. The fort was attacked three times and every time it got saved by the daring heroism of the Rajput warriors. In 1303, for the first time, this fort was attacked by Allaudin Khilji to fulfill his desire to make off with Rani Padmini. There are 22 water bodies inside this fort today. At its prime days, it was said that this fort had 84 water bodies. The Fort also comprises several temples including Sammidheshwara Temple, Jain Temple, Kalika Mata temple, Neelkanth Mahadev Temple, Meerabai Temple and Kumbha Shyam Temple. The imposing Fort boasts of well-designed palaces, magnificent cenotaphs and huge towers.

The Fort of Chittorgarh has a colossal structure that is secured by its several strong gateways. The foremost gate you will come across is the ‘Ram Pol’ (the gate of Lord Rama) that has a temple in its vicinity. While climbing further, you would find two cenotaphs near Padal Pol. These cenotaphs are dedicated to Jamal and Kala, who were killed by Akbar in the battle of 1567. Important attractions in this fort are the tower of victory, tower of fame, Gaumukh reservoir, Padmini Palace, Rana Kumbha palace, Meera temple and many others. Chittaurgarh Fort welcomes many tourists around the world to its complex every year.

Junagarh Fort

Junagarh Fort is a fort in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan, It was built in the late 16th century. The fort was originally called Chintamani and was renamed Junagarh in the early 20th century when the ruling family moved to Lalgarh Palace outside the fort limits. This fort is one of the very few forts that are not built on the hilltop.The fort is the most magnificent example of architecture and the great center of art. Junagadh is an ancient fortified city with a chequered past and has an interesting mix of mosques, Hindu temples, Buddhist monuments, Gothic archways, and beautiful mansions. Rao Bika laid the foundation of the city of Bikaner in 1488 AD, having first constructed a small fortress in the Rati Ghati area.The rulers of Bikaner had played a prominent and glorious role in the history of India. This fort has been attacked several times by different rulers and never had fallen. You can find the marks of cannon balls on the south face of the fort. Inside the fort, Karan Mahal is famous for its stained glass windows and fluted wood columns. Anup Mahal is the grandest of all. This palace is covered with golden leaves, Italian tiles and lattice windows. Chandra Mahal is another luxurious palace in this fort. The fort museum has a collection of royal belongings including headgear, dresses, jewels and portrait, war drums, palanquins, miniature paintings armours and others.

Jaisalmer Fort

This is also called as a golden fort. It is a major attraction of Jaisalmer. It was built in the 12th century. It is called as the golden fort because the fort glows yellow in the sun because of sandstone walls. These crenelated sandstone walls 30-feet high and have 82 bastions most of which were built between 1633 and 1647 AD. This fort conceals many palaces, merchant have is Laxminath temples, merchant residences, and many others. The fort stands in the Thar Desert on Trikula hills. It has four entrances and each guarded by cannon. A few structures inside the fort have been fallen to the ground.

On a hot day, this fort reflects a brownish yellow color and camouflages itself from threats. By sunset, the fort comes to the color of honey gold and blends with the desert sand.Its strategic importance was revealed during the 1965 and 1971 wars between India and Pakistan. But this wonder of the nation, a rich heritage now cries for better and immediate attention to maintain its splendor and safety. You enter the fort from the east, near Gopa Chowk, and pass through four massive gates on the zigzagging route to the upper section.The final gate opens into the square that forms the fort’s center, Dashera Chowk An important activity is to watch the fort after sunset. The lights would uplift the beauty of the hill fort. The Jaisalmer Fort, recently declared as World Heritage Site is one of the largest desert forts of the world and the second oldest fort in Rajasthan.

Mehrangarh Fort

Jodhpur Mehrangarh Fort History is related to Rao Jodha. It is on a hilltop which is over 500 yards long making it one of the largest forts in India. At its highest, the fort rises to 120 feet and at its thickest, it is about 70 feet. The walls of this fort are very thick and you can still notice many cannonball marks on the walls. The one thousand years old Mandore fort was slowly and gradually deteriorating. This led to the foundation of Mehrangarh Fort. There is a museum inside this fort which has a collection of jewels, palanquins, arms, costumes and other belongings of the royal family. This fort was built in the 15th century and has seven gates.Visitors to Mehrangarh Fort enter through the Jai Pol, This gate was not the main gate then and was only used as an outer rear gate.

There are some that you can not escape seeing — like the mural of site handprints at the entrance of one of the inner gates. A silent procession would follow the women to the temple where they would give away their jewelry and then proceed to the join their dead husbands on the funeral pyre. The women would not scream or cry as the flames burned them alive. Other important elements in this fort are the pearl palace, flower palace, mirror palace, Saleh Kanna, royal cradles, Daulat Khanna and others. You can find a lot of exotic paintings and turban gallery in this fort.The Fort offers quiet spots for contemplation and fantastic photo-ops for the serious or click-happy photographer. Camel riding and zip line riding are some of the activities to enjoy in this fort. Champ

Umaid Bhawan Palace

Umaid Bhavan is the last of the great Maharaja’s palace is located in Jhoudpur. It is one of the few forts where you can rent a room. Umaid Bhawan is a fusion of the great Indian palace architecture that stretches back to the time of the Moguls, and the pinnacle of western design styles.It is a luxury heritage fort hotel that is maintained by Taj Hotels, today. But, years before, this was a unique palace with beaux art style. According to history, people of Jodhpur were struggling with drought and the king Pratap Singh wanted to employ them and provide them food. Thus, he ordered them to build this lavish building.

It is located on Chittar hill where there is no natural water supply or vegetation. This palace has 347 rooms, banquet hall, many courtyards and others. Today, this palace is divided into Taj Palace Hotel, museum and residence of royal family. The place is lavishly built with granite, sandstone, marble floors and filled with arts of deco style. The museum has a collection of miniature painting, royal belongings, elegant murals, armors, porcelain wares and many others.

Kumbhalgarh Fort

Kumbhalgarh fort is located in Aravalli hills of Rajsamand district. This fort is surrounded by a majestic thick wall which is approximately 15 KMS long It is the second longest wall after the Great Wall of China. This fort was built in 15th century by Maharana Kumbha. and this is the birthplace of famous Maharana Pratap. Thirteen mountain peaks of the Aravali range protect this impregnable fortressThe wall is a great example of architecture brilliance of Rajput Era. Its architectural brilliance is proved by the fact that in spite of being around 700 years old it is still intact and in a very good shape. There were more than 360 temples in the fort and only a few exists today.

According to legends, kings used to light a massive lamp with 50 kg of ghee and 100kg of cotton in the fort for the farmers to work at night. Many dance and other celebrations occur in this fort during festivals. The three-day annual celebration includes heritage fort walk, turban tying, tug of war, Mehendi and many others.

Ranthambore Fort

This is located in Sawai Madhopur inside the wildlife sanctuary. The Ranthambhore National Park is named after the 10th century Ranthambhore fort, which covers the entire top of a hill at the heart of the Park. It is located on the hills of Thumbhole. Ranthambore has got its name from two adjoining hills – Rann and Thambhore. The walls of the fort are about 7 kilometers in length and include an area of nearly 4 square kilometers. This fort encapsulates many temples, palaces, barracks and other attractions. The wildlife sanctuary used to be the hunting ground for kings. There are three temples inside the fort that were built in 12th and 13th centuries. There is also a Jain temple for Lord Sumatinath and Sambhavanth. The history of the fort is written on a wall inside the fort. The fort has cobbled pathways, gardens and other attractions inside.

A visit to tourist place in Rajasthan is one of the most spiritual experiences you will ever witness and is sure to captivate your mind the moment you land here. There are rich cultural history will have a different flavor with every single place you visit.